Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are a common class of medications used to treat pain and fever. The most widely prescribed and over the counter formulations are Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Mobic, Diclofenac and Celebrex. These have been utilized for pain control for many years. Their role in decreasing inflammation has been proven to be beneficial in the management of acute pain, but also intermittently with chronic pain.
Risks of taking NSAIDs
Although these medications serve as good alternative to opioid medications, they do pose a risk to your overall health. In 2005, the Food and Drug Administration released a black box warning on the risk of experiencing a stroke or heart attack with NSAID use. In 2015, they strengthened their stance on this risk due to evidence revealing a stronger correlation between the two. In addition, NSAIDs have also been known to increase an individual’s risk of bleeding.
Talk with your provider before starting a new medication
Before starting you on an NSAID your provider will likely inquire about your previous medical history. Any individual with a history of a bleeding disorder, GI ulcer, previous heart attack/heart problems, or previous stroke will likely need to refrain from using these medications. If you are currently taking an NSAID and you answered yes to any of the above medications, it is important you discuss this with your provider.
Are NSAIDS the appropriate medication to help treat your pain?
In summary, while NSAIDS are very useful for pain control they are not always appropriate for every patient. They are preferably utilized short term for acute pain flares and discontinued after this time. However, they are always outlier situations in which they may be used for a longer periods of time. If you are concerned about your current NSAID use and how you can decrease your risk of side effects talk with your provider today.
Natalie Chism, CRNP